History of Nickel & Nickel Alloys
Ancient artifacts that have been chemically analyzed reveal that tools, weapons, and coins contain varying amounts of nickel. Astounding, but true, nickel has played a role in the human endeavor since the dawn of civilization. Significant contributions to our modern civilization have included nickel in elemental form and/or in alloyed form. Nickel is a versatile element that will alloy with most metals.
Nickel is a silvery-white metal. Because Nickel was easily mistaken for ores of silver, the history of Nickel is not well documented.
The use of nickel is ancient, and can be traced back as far as 20 BC. Bronzes from what is now Syria had a nickel content of up to 100%.
There are Chinese manuscripts suggesting that "white copper" (i.e. baitung) was used in the Orient between 1700 and 1400 BC.
In 1751, Baron Axel Fredrik Cronstedt was attempting to extract copper from kupfernickel (now called niccolite), and obtained instead a white metal that he called nickel.
In the United States, the term "nickel" or "nick" was originally applied to the copper-nickel Indian cent coin introduced in 1859.
NICKEL FACTS – Nickel is used today as common household utensils, such as silverware.
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